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Language Arts 

Scholars in second grade language arts strengthen their foundational and critical reading and writing skills to proficiently read grade-appropriate complex literature and informational text with fluency and understanding. Instruction focuses on asking and answering explicit and inferential questions, using text evidence, summarizing and engaging in collaborative conversation. Scholars identify literary elements such as character, setting, author’s purpose and structure. Scholars continue to practice the writing process by writing narrative, informative and opinion pieces incorporating grade level grammar concepts. Scholars expand their personal and academic vocabulary they can use in their writing and speaking and scholars develop stamina for longer periods of reading and writing.

(“English Language Arts.” Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020,


As scholars continue their education experience in second grade, the emphasis in mathematics centers around four major concepts: Number and Operations, Algebraic Reasoning and Algebra, Geometry and Measurement and Data and Probability. These topics are addressed in contexts which connect to real-world situations while promoting problem solving, reasoning, fluency, communication and a deep and flexible understanding of math concepts.

(“Mathematics.” Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020,

Social Studies

In second grade social studies, scholars conclude their review of the four strands of social studies. Through civics, the scholar explores the importance of the basic principles that provide the foundation of the American system of government. In Geography, scholars delve deeper into understanding how the environment impacts human life and how humans, in turn, affect their environment. In history, scholars examine the lives of notable Americans who expanded peoples’ rights and freedoms through our history. In economics, scholars investigate such concepts as personal budgets, supply, demand, and trade.

(“Social Studies.” Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020,


The performance expectations in second grade science help scholars formulate answers to questions such as: “How does land change and what are some things that cause it to change? What are the different kinds of land and bodies of water? How are materials similar and different from one another, and how do the properties of the materials relate to their use? What do plants need to grow? How many types of living things live in a place?” In the second grade performance expectations, scholars are expected to demonstrate grade appropriate proficiency in developing and using models, planning and carrying out investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, constructing explanations and designing solutions, engaging in argument from evidence, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information. Scholars are expected to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.

(“Science.” Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020,