Kindergarten Academics

Language Arts

Scholars in Kindergarten language arts learn concepts of print, recognize sounds in individual words, write their first Scholars in Kindergarten language arts learn concepts of print, recognize sounds in individual words, write their first and last names, and recognize all letters in the alphabet. Instruction focuses on asking and answering explicit and inferential questions, retelling, and engaging in collaborative conversation. Scholars identify authors and illustrators and describe characters and settings. Scholars begin drawing and labeling pictures to tell a story. Scholars expand their personal and academic vocabulary they can use in speaking. Scholars participate in read-aloud, developing stamina for listening.

("English Language Arts." Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020,


Kindergarten mathematics is creating the building blocks to develop the foundation for the scholar's future in mathematics. The concepts forming these building blocks are quantity, patterns, measurement, and data. These main concepts are explored, modeled, and discussed. This is done with scholar-led discussions, problem-based activities, and exploration while asking the scholars how they solved it.

("Mathematics." Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020,

Social Studies

In Kindergarten social studies, scholars continue to build and enhance their understanding of the social studies strands: history, geography, civics, and economics. Scholars develop an appreciation of American symbols and holidays. Concepts of cultural and physical geography are introduced, comparing the scholar's community to other places and peoples. Civics provides scholars with a continued study of the traits and practices of good citizenship. In addition, the basic economic concepts are further explored to understand needs, wants, and how citizens help their community's economy grow.

("Social Studies." Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020,


The performance expectations in kindergarten science help scholars formulate answers to questions such as: "What happens if you push or pull an object harder? Where do animals live, and why do they live there? What is the weather like today, and how is it different from yesterday?" Scholars are expected to understand patterns and variations in local weather and the purpose of weather forecasting to prepare for and respond to severe weather. Scholars can apply an understanding of the effects of different strengths or directions of pushes and pull on the motion of an object to analyze a design solution. Scholars are expected to understand what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive and the relationship between their needs and where they live. The crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; systems and system models; interdependence of science, engineering, and technology; and the influence of engineering, technology, and science on society and the natural world are called out as organizing concepts for these disciplinary core ideas. In the kindergarten performance expectations, scholars are expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in asking questions, developing and using models, planning and carrying out investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, designing solutions, engaging in arguments from evidence, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information. Scholars are expected to use these practices to demonstrate an understanding of the core ideas.

("Science." Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020,