1st Grade Academics

Language Arts

In first-grade language arts, scholars learn the foundational and critical reading and writing skills to decode text proficiently with fluency and understanding. Instruction focuses on asking and answering explicit and inferential questions, using text evidence, summarizing, and engaging in collaborative conversation. Scholars identify literary elements such as character, setting, author's purpose, and structure. Scholars begin practicing the writing process by writing narrative, informative, and opinion pieces incorporating grade-level grammar concepts. Scholars expand their personal and academic vocabulary in their writing and speaking, and scholars develop stamina for longer periods of reading and writing.
("English Language Arts." Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020, sde.ok.gov/).


As scholars explore and discover in first-grade mathematics, they develop counting skills, which transition to subitizing (recognizing numbers without counting) and adding and subtracting using efficient procedures. As scholars are using manipulatives, ask questions, communicate mathematically, and develop strategies for problem-solving, they will gain a deeper conceptual understanding of concepts of Numbers and Operations, Algebraic Reasoning and Algebra, Geometry and Measurement, and Data and Probability while working in the whole group, collaborating with partners or in independent settings.
("Mathematics." Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020, sde.ok.gov/.)

Social Studies

In first-grade social studies, scholars continue their study of their communities, their unique natural and human features, and their roles as active citizens. In the civics strand, the scholar will learn the characteristics and responsibilities of good citizenship. In geography, strand scholars explore basic geographic concepts about the Earth and its ecosystems. The economic strand continues to develop scholarly understandings of basic economic concepts and their workings in our market system.
("Social Studies." Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020, sde.ok.gov/).


The performance expectations in first-grade science help scholars formulate answers to questions such as: "What happens when materials vibrate? What happens when there is no light? What ways do plants and animals meet their needs to survive and grow? How are parents and their children similar and different? What objects are in the sky, and how do they seem to move?" Scholars are expected to understand the relationship between sound and vibrating materials, as well as between the availability of light and the ability to see objects. Scholars at this level can understand the idea that light travels from place to place by determining the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light. Scholars are expected to understand how plants and animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs, as well as how the behaviors of parents and offspring help the offspring survive. The understanding is developed that young plants and animals are like, but not the same as, their parents. Scholars can observe, describe, and predict some patterns of the movement of objects in the sky. The crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; structure and function; and the influence of engineering, technology, and science on society and the natural world are called out as organizing concepts for these disciplinary core ideas. In the first-grade performance expectations, scholars are expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in planning and carrying out investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, constructing explanations and designing solutions, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information. Scholars are expected to use these practices to demonstrate an understanding of the core ideas.
("Science." Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2020, sde.ok.gov/.)